Description: Umkhonto we Sizwe (or MK), translated "Spear of the Nation," was the active military wing of the African National Congress (ANC) in cooperation with the South African Communist Party in their fight against the South African apartheid government. MK launched its first guerrilla attacks against government installations on 16 December 1961. It was subsequently classified as a terrorist organization by the South African government and the United States, and banned.For a time it was headquartered in Rivonia, a suburb of Johannesburg. On 11 July 1963, 19 ANC and MK leaders, including Arthur Goldreich and Walter Sisulu, were arrested at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia (26°2′36″S 28°3′15″E / 26.04333°S 28.05417°E / -26.04333; 28.05417 (Liliesleaf Farm)). The farm was privately owned by Arthur Goldreich and bought with SACP (South African Communist Party) and ANC funds, as individuals who were not deemed "White" were unable to own such a property under the Group Areas Act. This was followed by the Rivonia Trial, in which ten leaders of the ANC were tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to "foment violent revolution". Wilton Mkwayi, chief of MK at the time, escaped during trial.The MK carried out numerous bombings of military, industrial and infrastructural sites. The tactics were initially geared solely towards sabotage, but eventually expanded to include urban guerrilla warfare. Notable among these were the 8 January 1982 attack on the Koeberg nuclear power plant near Cape Town, coinciding with the 70th anniversary of the formation of the ANC, the Church Street bombing on 20 May 1983, killing 19, and the 14 June 1986 car-bombing of Magoo's Bar in Durban, in which 3 people were killed and 73 injured. The total number of people killed or injured in the 30 years of MK's campaigns is not known exactly. MK alone was not a military threat to the apartheid state, but the ANC leadership saw MK as the armed component of a strategy of "people's war" that was primarily geared towards mobilizing mass political support.MK suspended operations on 1 August 1990 in preparation for the dismantling of apartheid, and was finally integrated into the South African National Defence Force by 1994.
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For more on this and other stories please visit http://www.enca.com/ eNCA's Mpho Lakaje looks at the formation of the ANC's military wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe.
Beautiful Mzansi. May the creator and the ancestors forever protect the spirits of those lives taken by the beast from 1652 to present.
uMkhonto weSizwe Celebrations.
This clip, from mid 2009, tells of the truth about the false claim, as if Umkonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the ANC, "didn't target civilians".
Joe Slovo - Jew & South African Communist Party leader.
Key Martin , founder of the VIVA Chris Hani project. This mov began the story about Chris Hani from the outside of South Africa, matching stuggles in the U.S...
In war, truth and morality are the first casualties. In South Africa the brutalised sometimes became the brutalisers. // Teddy Williams, a former member of U...
Soweto ANC Zone 8 Members.
For more stories visit http://www.enca.com/videos/ Durban, January 20 - A controversial Umkhonto we Sizwe veteran has been laid to rest in Durban. Nduduzo Md...
Kuqhuma umkikizo uma sekungena abe-MKMVA kuhlangene i-ANC kwaNongoma, kuqhutshwa umkhankaso wokhetho luka-2014.
Four militant anti-apartheid songs by Mayibuye, a ANC Choir from the seventies.
FOR LATEST BREAKING NEWS, CONSPIRACIES & GLOBAL TRENDS, CLICK HERE TO SUBSCRIBE - THANK YOU http://www.youtube.com/bigeyenews Nelson Mandela, the former pres...
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