Description: Umkhonto we Sizwe (or MK), translated "Spear of the Nation," was the active military wing of the African National Congress (ANC) in cooperation with the South African Communist Party in their fight against the South African apartheid government. MK launched its first guerrilla attacks against government installations on 16 December 1961. It was subsequently classified as a terrorist organization by the South African government and the United States, and banned.For a time it was headquartered in Rivonia, a suburb of Johannesburg. On 11 July 1963, 19 ANC and MK leaders, including Arthur Goldreich and Walter Sisulu, were arrested at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia (26°2′36″S 28°3′15″E / 26.04333°S 28.05417°E / -26.04333; 28.05417 (Liliesleaf Farm)). The farm was privately owned by Arthur Goldreich and bought with SACP (South African Communist Party) and ANC funds, as individuals who were not deemed "White" were unable to own such a property under the Group Areas Act. This was followed by the Rivonia Trial, in which ten leaders of the ANC were tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to "foment violent revolution". Wilton Mkwayi, chief of MK at the time, escaped during trial.The MK carried out numerous bombings of military, industrial and infrastructural sites. The tactics were initially geared solely towards sabotage, but eventually expanded to include urban guerrilla warfare. Notable among these were the 8 January 1982 attack on the Koeberg nuclear power plant near Cape Town, coinciding with the 70th anniversary of the formation of the ANC, the Church Street bombing on 20 May 1983, killing 19, and the 14 June 1986 car-bombing of Magoo's Bar in Durban, in which 3 people were killed and 73 injured. The total number of people killed or injured in the 30 years of MK's campaigns is not known exactly. MK alone was not a military threat to the apartheid state, but the ANC leadership saw MK as the armed component of a strategy of "people's war" that was primarily geared towards mobilizing mass political support.MK suspended operations on 1 August 1990 in preparation for the dismantling of apartheid, and was finally integrated into the South African National Defence Force by 1994.
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For more on this and other stories please visit http://www.enca.com/ eNCA's Mpho Lakaje looks at the formation of the ANC's military wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe.
uMkhonto weSizwe Celebrations.
Lerumo La Sechaba is a KZN based music group. Tried and tested Cardes of Umkhonto Wesizwe, under the banner of the ANC. To the people of South Africa they pr...
The exhumed remains of five former Umkhonto Wesizwe soldiers were handed over to their families in East London on Saturday. They were killed and buried by ap...
The sources: Aziz Hartley, www.iol.co.za/capetimes/ ... ; Martin Meredith, Nelson Mandela's biography, published by Penguin c. 1998.
For more stories visit http://www.enca.com/videos/ Bloemfontein, December 10 -- Veterans of uMkhonto we Sizwe have started their own union, the MK Liberatio...
Kuqhuma umkikizo uma sekungena abe-MKMVA kuhlangene i-ANC kwaNongoma, kuqhutshwa umkhankaso wokhetho luka-2014.
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